In Norway, 30 % of the species registered in the species database, are assessed as threatened. Today the protected landscapes compose for 17,6 % (approx. 68,000 km2) of our Norwegian land area, where national parks make up the majority of the areas. This is not a bad figure seen in light of the target of 30 %. To achieve this objective, approx. 48,000 km2 must be protected over the next 8 years.
So how is it that such a large proportion of the species that are present in Norway are threatened?
According to miljostatus.no, only 11,5 % of the area in Norway is in the “wilderness area category”, and the protected areas we have in this country are mostly linked to mountain landscapes with lower biodiversity. Biodiversity (habitats and niches) is strongly linked to temperature, solar conditions, rainfall and growing season. The closer we get to the poles, and the higher we go, the fewer habitats and niches there are in general. This leaves room for fewer species. Not very unlike the way we humans settle.